Lapseki - Wikipedia

Lapseki
Lapseki havadan.jpg
Lapseki is located in Turkey
Lapseki
Lapseki
Lapseki is located in Marmara
Lapseki
Lapseki
Lapseki is located in Europe
Lapseki
Lapseki
Coordinates: 40°20′38″N 26°41′01″E / 40.34389°N 26.68361°E / 40.34389; 26.68361Coordinates: 40°20′38″N 26°41′01″E / 40.34389°N 26.68361°E / 40.34389; 26.68361
Country Turkey
ProvinceÇanakkale
Government
 • MayorEyüp Yılmaz (AKP)
 • KaymakamTahir Şahin
Area
 • District881.64 km2 (340.40 sq mi)
Population
 (2012)[2]
 • Urban
10,863
 • District
25,620
 • District density29/km2 (75/sq mi)
Websitewww.lapseki.bel.tr

Lapseki (from Greek: Λάμψακος, Lampsakos) is a town and district of Çanakkale Province, Turkey. In 2012 it had a population of 10,863. The mayor is Eyüp Yılmaz (AKP).

The district of Lapseki is known for its cherries, and a cherry festival is held annually in the town.[3]

History[edit]

The town was founded by Greek colonists from Phocaea in the 6th century BC. Soon afterwards it became a competitor of Miletus, controlling the trade routes in the Dardanelles. The modern Turkish name derives from the original Greek name.

Lapseki was founded about 500 BC, one of 4 settlements along the Dardanelles at that time. In ancient times, while the city was under the rule of King Mendrom and named Pityausa, the king, who defended the colonists from Foça from the attacks of the local people, minted coins for the first time in its history in the name of his daughter Lapseke and later the city was given this name by the colonists to express their indebtedness to him. In this way, the name Lampsakos, then Lapseki, was passed down to the present day.

The city was under the Byzantines for a long period before being passed into Ottoman hands after its conquest by Süleyman Pasha in 1356. Occupied at the end of World War I, the town was freed from the British and French forces on 25 September 1922, toward the end of the War of Independence. In the district are the graves of 15,000 soldiers who lost their lives during the War of Independence.[citation needed]

Economy[edit]

The primary livelihood of the people in the area is agriculture, with fishing and tourism also being important. The most common fruits of the district include cherries and peaches. First held in 1983, the annual Cherry Festival takes place 2–12 June. A fair is also held in Lapseki on 1–4 September but shaded by the fair in nearby town Çardak in 22–26 August which closes with a wrestling competition each year - the second oldest competition in Turkey After Kirkpinar in Edirne.[citation needed] People come to watch the wrestlers from near provinces such as Bursa. Apart from these, the beaches and summer houses in seaside villages attract tourists as well.[citation needed] Numan Kurtulmuş, the deputy prime minister of Turkey, has a summer house in Suluca village of Lapseki. There are direct ferries to Gelibolu at every o'clock from Lapseki. It is an intercontinental trip from Asia to Europe.

Çanakkale 1915 Bridge[edit]

The Çanakkale 1915 Bridge is a major project planned to be completed in March 2022. It will be constructed over the Dardanelles strait from Lapseki to Sütlüce in Gallipoli Peninsula.[citation needed] The completion of the project is a part of the government's goals for their 2023 vision program to improve the country's infrastructure. It will provide a link from Europe to western Turkey, which is projected to boost both regional tourism and the local economy. The bridge will hold six lanes of automobile traffic. A railroad is also planned to cross on the bridge that is intended to connect the region to Istanbul or Edirne and Europe. The groundbreaking for the bridge took place on March 18, 2017.[4][5]The bridge was officially opened by President Tayyip Erdogan on 18 March 2022.[6] It is the fourth bridge over the Turkish Straits.[7]With a main span of 2,023 m (6,637 ft), the bridge surpassed the Akashi Kaikyo Bridge in Japan by 32 m (105 ft) to become the longest suspension bridge in the world.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 5 March 2013.
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 27 February 2013.
  3. ^ "Lapseki'de 33. Kiraz Festivali - Haberler".
  4. ^ LAPSEKİ’DE HAVA ALANI VE DEMİR YOLU HEYECANI Archived 27 May 2015 at the Wayback Machine. milliyet.com.tr. 24 September 2014
  5. ^ 1915 Çanakkale Köprüsü