Água Vermelha Dam - Wikipedia

Água Vermelha Dam
ISS043-E-102069 - View of the Água Vermelha Dam, Brazil.jpg
The Água Vermelha Dam and reservoir photographed from the International Space Station, April 2015
Água Vermelha Dam is located in Brazil
Água Vermelha Dam
Location of Água Vermelha Dam in Brazil
Official nameUsina de Água Vermelha
LocationIturama, São Paulo/Minas Gerais, Brazil
Coordinates19°51′55″S 50°20′48″W / 19.86528°S 50.34667°W / -19.86528; -50.34667Coordinates: 19°51′55″S 50°20′48″W / 19.86528°S 50.34667°W / -19.86528; -50.34667
Construction began1973
Opening date1978
Owner(s)AES Tiete
Dam and spillways
Type of damEmbankment, concrete portion
ImpoundsGrande River
Height67 m (220 ft)
Length3,940 m (12,930 ft)
Dam volume1,500,000 m3 (53,000,000 cu ft) (Concrete)
Spillway typeService, gate-controlled
Spillway capacity19,848 m3/s (700,900 cu ft/s)
Reservoir
CreatesÁgua Vermelha Reservoir
Total capacity11.025 km3 (8,938,000 acre⋅ft)
Surface area647 km2 (250 sq mi)
Power Station
Commission date1978-1979
TypeConventional
Hydraulic head57 m (187 ft)
Turbines6 x Francis turbines
Installed capacity1,396.2 MW (1,872,300 hp)

The Água Vermelha Dam is an embankment dam on the Grande River near Iturama in Minas Gerais/São Paulo, Brazil. It was constructed for hydroelectric power production and flood control. Construction on the dam began in 1973 and it was completed and operational by 1978.[1] The last generators were operational in 1979.[2]

Specifications[edit]

The dam is a 3,940 metres (12,930 ft) long and 67 metres (220 ft) high embankment dam with a concrete power station and spillway portion. The volume of concrete in the dam structure is 1,500,000 cubic metres (53,000,000 cu ft). The dam's spillway contains eight floodgates each with a maximum discharge capacity of 2,481 cubic metres per second (87,600 cu ft/s) for a total of 19,848 cubic metres per second (700,900 cu ft/s). The dam's reservoir has a capacity of 11.025 cubic kilometres (8,938,000 acre⋅ft), of which 11 cubic kilometres (8,900,000 acre⋅ft) is live (active or "useful") storage. The surface area of the reservoir is 647 km2 (250 sq mi) and its maximum level above sea level is 383.3 m (1,258 ft) and the minimum is 373.3 metres (1,225 ft). The dam's power station has a gross hydraulic head of 57 metres (187 ft) and contains six 232.7 MW (312,100 hp) generators powered by Francis turbines for a total installed capacity of 1,396.2 megawatts (1,872,300 hp).[3][4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Dam Vermelha Aqua" (in Portuguese). Speedy Look. Retrieved 19 September 2010.
  2. ^ "Hydroelectric Plants in Brazil - Sao Paulo". Indust Cards. Retrieved 19 September 2010.
  3. ^ "Aqua Vermelha". AES Tiete. Retrieved 19 September 2010.
  4. ^ "Summary Information Dam Power Plant Agua Vermelha - SP". Brazil Ministry of Transportation. Retrieved 19 September 2010.